This page is for general discussion, notes on fakes, items of interest and other areas of interest to Military and Antique knives.

21st July 2024.  

I was reminded today that is 42 years since I joined the salvage tug RMAS TYPHOON in. the Falklands after a long and somewhat adventurous flight from the UK, included 24 hours in a Hercules, not somehting I would recommend.    The time since then has just flown by.

However on to some knife things.    The Royal Mail restrictions on bladed things has had an impact.  I actually predicted that their poorly imposed rules would cause problems and it has.   One case when they incorrectly stopped an item led to the owner making a complaint and then receiving an apology.  In another someone sent a 1907 bayonet to Scotland has had it stopped.   In trying to resolve the issue to involved party has spent ages on the phone never speaking to the same person in RM twice.  But what makes this case a total farce is that their rules do not mention bayonets but does ay that antiques can be sent.   The 1988 Act clearly states that is anything over 100 years, so what are RM playing at.   I await to hear what the outcome of this case is.


4th July 2024

Independence Day in the USA and a General Election here.   In regard to that its a matter of tossing the coin to see what impact the result of the election will have on us collectors.   The calling of the election stopped the new Criminal Justce Act in its tracks and that had some impact on weapons.  But the Statutory Instrument regarding  Zombie type  knives was passed before the election was called and presumably it will be enacted in September as per the original timescale.   The Labour Party have intimated they will  ban certain types of knife what they maybe is anyones guess but be prepared as a collector to come under attack again.    If there are further attempts to limit out hobby make sure you complain to your MP.   I and some others already have a plan to plead our case for certain defences to be applied.

On a different subject I note from the Blog of the other author the following when he was talking about his new book: "The dagger on the screen is a Paisley Suicide Dagger. How many of those have you come across?"   It really beggars belief that he still belives that these knives are genuine and that Paisley existed.    Although there was a Scottish Jeweller called John Paisley he has absolutely nothing to do with these knives.   Our other author has previosuly claimed to have located Pailsey's forge  but has never produced any evidence to support this claim.  I have extensively reseached the subject and there is not a jot of evidence to support the existance of a cutler called John Paisley.    My research was written up in two articles that are listed  in the Home page.


14th May 2024

Do some dealers have no knowledge or indeed shame or a mixture of both.   One I know has recently posted on his site two blatant fake bowies.    One is  priced  at 4 figures but less than a true original would be the other is actually underpriced for a genuine piece yet its written up as a genuine knife.    Yet details of fakes such as this a widely available if you have any knowledge whatsoever.   So what game are they playing.

On a different subject it is rather annoying when you get an order for something, go to all the trouble of getting postage rates, buying the required packaging, communicate with the buyer all the details and then the world goes silent.    If they did not intend buying why bother to ask in the first place.


24th April 2024

I was browsing the website of the other author when I noted his latest comments about writing a book.  In general I do not disagree with some of his comments but one area I did find interesting was the use of background ephemera used to enhance the images of the knives.  He says he wants his books to be an artistic display for  the reader.    The use of background images such as this is a common thread through many US published knife books.  Many showing extremely good photography along with superb examples of the knives.   However what these books lack is real information, where are the contract details, information of the issue of the knives or history of the firms that made them.  It is all very well looking at lovely images of knives if you cannot learn the first thing about them.


5th April 2024

Self publishing.   The author with whom I have fallen out regarding the contents of his so far single published book has bemoaned the lack of sales on Amazon and the cost incurred.    I am not going to criticise his book here but in many respects he has completely ignored advice I previously gave him which was from lessons I learnt with my early attempts at self publishing.    Although like him it was never an intention to make myself rich from book sales you have to be realistic in your pricing and not only that understand your market.   In regarding to pricing the general rule is that your retail should be at least 3 to 5 times your unit print cost,  this leaves you with a margin to cut your price back to a wholesale price for book dealers, who themselves have to make a profit.   You need to allow for reasonable % discount for this.

Who are you aiming the book at is important and how many do you think you will sell and thus need to print.   That can be difficult to judge especially when funding the project from your own pocket but unit cost per book does become lower the more you print.  Do you have a book dealer or dealers who would take copies from you and how many, how many collectors are you in touch with that would buy copies.   Are there people who would promote your book on their own websites. These are all factors to consider but what you do not want is to end up sitting on a pile of books that you cannot sell.

Print on demand is one way to go but initial set up cost are usually higher and there can be an annual fee to keep the files “live” on the printers system.  

There is no right or wrong way to do this but if you do not think about and consider all these factors your project will not go well especially from a financial aspect. 


24th Feb 2024

There is something remarkable about an author that does not read the evidence that is before him prior to writing his own version of things.    Our latest posting from the author of his book on 2nd, 3rd patterns etc when discussing a John Clarke made knife says this.  "The grip is stamped with a smaller broad arrow and the number "9".  I believe that it is a "9", which might imply manufacture by H.G.Long"    So we now have a piece with John Clarke under the guard but made by H.G.Long.   The whole problem with such a statement is that for starters H.G.Long never had any contracts for F-S knives during WW2.   That is 100% clear from the contract records.  The broad arrow 9 is an inspectors stamp and you cannot except for a few cases identify the maker from the inspection mark.  The whole idea that a 9 is for H.G.Long came from Windrum who produced not a jot of evidence to support this identification.   Errors such as this do not look good for the accuracy for the final version of the book!


22nd Feb 2024

For some odd reason my previous update  did not save.  

The author with whom I do not see eye to eye on the authenticity of certain items has recently announced some new books one being on 2nd, 3 rd patterns etc.    Yet he seem to have little faith in his own writings when he wrote this "Yes our nemesis has written more pages and has more details because he lives in England and has the contacts. His books are filled with small B&W photos. He says mine are filled with fakes."  The last statement is true but how can he pre-empt what might be said about his new book when it isn't even published.   Very strange! 

The accuracy of his own research is also  brought sharply into focus with his posting about named knives.   He asked for help on certain names.   Now some, with limited information, I agree are not easy to research but he has some with service numbers and could if he knew how to research correctly apply to the US archives for the service files.   He also claims that he has new information on two, trouble is with one of them he has totally the wrong man, and in the other case the name could apply to several different individuals.    Do I have the heart to tell him, well as I am his nemesis he probably wouldn't believe me anyway.


20th Jan 2024

A Facebook forum page recently raised a lot of discussion  regarding the authenticity of items attributed to Peter Mason, a man who calimed to be a Captain with service in the Army, SOE, SAS and intelligence services.   Mason and his claims and wares have cast a long shadow over the collecting field for number of years, with many, and its fair to say I am one of them, consider his stories and many of the knives atributed to him to be complete fabrications.   There has been a lot of work done by researchers looking into his life and works but there is a gap in what can be found.   So if anyone has information on Mason during the 1976 to 1998 period, things like press reports, adverts, sales listings etc can you please contact me.


19th Dec 2023

The world of fakes is making life  even more difficult for collectors.    Recently appearing on the market have been pieces marked up with fake JOHN CLARKE markings inder the guard.   a 2nd and 3rd pattern etched with fake WILKINSON/F-S panels, the 3rd pattern example being done on a Sheffield machine made bladed knife.   Loads of pieces on eBay listed as coming from India or Pakistan but showing images of real WW2 knives in their advert, when the knives are newly made.    Loads of fake ROBBINS knives appearing especially in the USA, they are well made but the markings are all wrong.    As always Let the buyer beware.


20th Nov 2023

A sad day when I heard yesterday that The Armourer magazine has ceased publishing.   Although I only occassionally bought it , it was the only general Military History and Militaria magazine available in the UK.   Though I personally think it was mistake when they combined it with Classic Arms and Militaria magazine.   But I guess commercial consideration i.e. money has led to the descission to stop publishing.   It is a real shame though as it gave lots of other deatils such as acution and militaria fair dates.


8th Nov 2023

It never ceases to amaze me how certain people can tell me I am wrong when the evidence is clear.   A case in point, one person who I have clearly fallen out with due to his poorly researched writings claimed that my assertion that the FS knives marked with what appeared to be a broad arrow L were infact mis-stamped broad arrow T  was wrong and that they are an L.    Yet more recently he shows a knife that is clearly a T but then fails to correct his earlier statement.    We can all get things wrong at times but when the truth is revealed should at least have the guts to correct our mistake.


10th Sept.

Regarding my note below there have now been further instances of post war SOE style lock knives with makers marks been sold as Commando Lock knives.    THEY ARE NOT.  They have nothing to do with the military, they were not issued or used by the Commandos any such descriptions are total fake.    Added to that I have also seen unmarked Joseph Rodgers style knife listed as Auxiliary Unit Knife.   The only version issued to the Aux Unit were marked. Joseph Rodgers, if they are unmarked or hav emarks by other makers they are not Aux Unit knives.   If the well known dealer wh osted that item bothered to do his reading or resh he should have known this.


11th August

Further. to my notes of the 9th Feb and the 13th April it seems some of my words are not noted by others .  In the 9th Feb I noted the SOE style lock knives with makers marks be sold as SOE, now within the last few weeks we have marked examples being sold as Commando Lock knives - they are not they are simply post wark commercial knives.

Regarding potentiall inflated prices, a further example of the rare FS variation was this week sold for £3000 on the hammer, so we now have a range of prices going downward from £9000 to £4400 and now £3000.  I wonder how the original buyer feels about that potential loss!


4th July 2023

Having recently watched the auction of the David Hayden Wright collection I was somewhat stunned to read on a Facebook page a diatribe from an obviously unhappy overseas bidder about the additional charges he faced.   Not only that he moaned about problems with importing Ivory into his country and seemed to place most of the blame on the bidding platform he used for  not making this all clear.     It would be impossible for such platforms to list every possible law etc and any bidder you would have thought would make their own  checks on charges etc.   But to plead ignorance on the Ivory issue was just amazing.  Every collector knows (or at least should do) that ivory is an emotive issue and one with lots of regulation.   To then moan about it after the event really takes the prize - certainly someone who had their head buried in the sand.

But on the subject of the same auction along with another that has recently come to my attention why are auction houses not aware of the laws.   One had switchblades in it which are illegal to sell in the UK, the items then had to be withdrawn, another had a piece described as a WW2 push dagger. again illegal to sell as such items need to be over 100 years old to be legally sold.    Again the item was withdrawn.    But they should never had been listed in the first place!


13th April 2023

Not that long ago someone paid in the order of £9000 for rare FS variation, a similar one was auctioned last week for £4400 on the hammer.     In the first case we must assume there was a bidding war between at least two people but in the second case that war did not occur.    So is the first person sitting on a potential loss of nearly £5000 or was the second winner just lucky that there was no real competition.

The whole danger of inflated auction prices is that they can totally skew the market and what people think things are worth.


​20th February 2023

A couple of diverse issues in this blog:

Different values.   I am sometimes surprised at the prices placed on some knives depending where they are for sale internationally.   A piece in question was a British WW1 piece advertised in the USA at over $2500.   Yet in the UK the same knife would market for in the region of £700.    Rarity in one country does not mean the same in another but is such a price difference justified when one could easily import such a piece. 

I have deliberately avoided looking at the website of our upset author but a friend pointed something out to me.  He wrote it was pity we could not have worked together but that statement really takes a prize.   Although we completely disagree on what are fakes I have supplied him with information on certain knives, identifying items where he did not know what they were, even gave him guidance on my experience on various  publishing routes yet I never got not a single piece  of information back.    Needless to say I shall think twice about offering support in the future.


9th February 2023

Why do dealers and auction houses not do their research.    I have today found two knives being offered for sale being described as SOE lock knives.  Although they follow the same pattern as the single blade SOE lock knife they are clearly not SOE as they are both marked with the makers name.  The original SOE knives were NOT marked.


​16th Jan 2023


Have I every had a negative book review, well yes, did it annoy me well up to a point, did I loose any sleep over it - no.  As an author it is part for the course and if you cannot accept that do not write at all, you just have to take it on the chin.   And if you expect everyone to agree with your conclusion or statements you are living in a fools paradise.

However some are obviously made of much thinner skin.   As a response to a negative review a recent author wrote what I can only describe as a diatribe on his blog that was not only petulant but darn right rude and offensive.   It contained false accusations against the reviewer, errors in fact and one claim where the writer could not possibly have full knowledge of the facts.  

So to paraphrase an old saying - if you can't stand the negative reviews, then get out of writing books.


10th Jan 2023


I am alway mystified when people support the authenticity of a knife by relying on a story, a story that by a simple piece of research can be shown not to be possibly true.

Here are a couple of examples taken from published works the two seemingly being linked by a very similar story.

In William Windrum’s book Clandestine Edged Weapons when discussing the so called Earl of Suffolk Knife he wrote “When the Earl’s cousin Adderly Howard gave it to his niece’s husband”.   Well here in lays a problem to be the Earls cousin this person would have had to have been the offspring of the Earl’s uncle.   However the Earl’s uncle James Knyvett Estcourt Howard only had two daughters neither of whom were called Adderly and consequently there there is no Adderly Howard in the family.    

Another more recent author when again discussing the Suffolk knife said “This unique dagger was passed down the Earl’s brother who was posted to the Home Guard..  Eventually his brother passed it down to his daughter, the Earl’s niece, Prudence Fitzalan Howard”.   Besides the slight change in the story does such a person exist in the Howard family? The Earl had two brothers Cecil John, and Greville Reginald but Cecil John had no children, and Greville had only one daughter Caroline.  Again no person of the supposed recipient exists in the Howard family as the Earl did not have a niece called Prudence.   

These facts about the Howard family are easily researched from online resources i.e.  The   

Another area that catches people out is the dating of markings.   Items of reputed WW2 vintage being marked Gieves and Hawkes when in fact Gieves did not acquire Hawkes until 1974.   A fact easily confirmed from the firms website.

The authors who wrote about these items and their stories may well have believed them to be true but some simple research would have proved otherwise.


21st November 2022


Someone once wrote that they did not as a matter of honour point fingers at fakes in another persons collection.   Well to a point I can understand that but when the items are blatant fakes and are being pushed as originals either in sales or in writings do you stand by and let this happen, is it right that such items should be allowed to continue to circulate on the market or in references.   The extent of the damage that can be done by such things was all to evident in the art market where many fakes have fooled the experts and buyers for years and in many cases costing the buyer many thousands of pounds in lost money when they tried to resell what they though was valuable painting.

​Although one must be 110% sure of your ground before outing an item as fake I believe there is a duty to identify such items before they do everlasting harm to both collecting and history.   


19th October 2022

Further to my previous blog although I have still not seen the book I have had a number of  of questions from a buyer about the book and some of its claims.

The  questions based on the book are linked to some of my previous writings and have questioned my stance on the John Paisley, Bruce Hand and A &P story when the book identifies them as genuine.   People can believe what they want but that still does not make the knives genuine or the stories true.    All I will say is that there is a complete lack of supporting evidence anywhere to show that these existed as knife makers.   My article in Knife World Magazine Feb 2015 explores this subject in depth.  

There is also a complete lack of any logical explanation from the believers as to how the knives of these alleged makers are in 99.9% of all cases only found in North America.    How come no UK collectors have ever come across a Paisley knife or collectors in Australia a Hand knife.   It beggars belief that that we are expected to believe that they all mysteriously found their way overseas without any pieces remaining in their own country.   If you link this to the fact that certain names are associated with the appearance of the knives in collectors circles the issue of their authenticity becomes even more marked.

Some other areas stand out and both show a lack of research to support the claims made, there is seemingly a total misunderstanding that because someone had knives with their name on them did not mean they made knives.    The term Cutler does not necessarily mean they were a manufacturer just that they sold knives.

My correspondent tells me the book comments that:

Marshall Glasgow. ( J & I Marshall).  Book states they made custom tailored uniforms.   Marshall were not and never were Military tailors.   This is clear from their entries in the trade directories. 

Joseph Starkey, Listed as perhaps the maker of the original prototype Medford Fairbairns.  Despite what we may think about the authenticity of such knives  Joseph Starkey was not and never were a  manufacturing cutler.     Although they sold swords they never made any edged weapons.

Alcock and Pierce. Book apparently supports the position that A&P made knives due to a 1942 advert that says ‘sheath knives - as pioneered by us’.   The advert does not say they made knives, indeed Keith Spencer in his major work on Australian and New Zealand cutlers clearly states that they did not make knives.


30th Sept 2022

A Strange Tale

For those of you who subscribe to KNIFE magazine you will know Bruce Voyles ‘Bruce on the Loose’ column.  In his column Bruce tells of the many ups and downs of the Knife business, friends he has made and sometimes lost, dodgy dealings, questions you should or should not ask about a knife, variations in collecting themes  etc.   Well here is one of the strangest but true story I have yet encountered and one which is unlike anything Bruce has written about.

A collector with whom I have often and sometimes publicly disagreed on the authenticity of certain knives recently announced the publication of their first book.   I put my name down for one but when it came time to pay he would not sell me one on the basis that I might trash it on some forum - his words.  What however makes his stance even more odd is that when it suits his position he quotes some of my information and observations on his website.   So I cannot be all bad! 

Personally I have never avoided buying any knife book, even it contains just 10% of useful information or does have fakes it still has a place on the bookshelf as it forms part of the learning and knowledge process.  I have also never declined a book sale on the basis I might get a bad review and cannot think of any author who would.    As a writer one is always open to critique, if you cannot accept that you shouldn’t be writing or setting yourself up as a source of information.    

Some poorly researched books have done untold damage to the field of collecting listing fake knives as genuine, falling for the tales of Walter Mitty characters, putting out stories about makers who just did not exist, all of which has led novice and indeed some advance collectors down the path of some wrong and expensive purchases.   Such knives and associated stories continue to circulate  and will likely do so for many years to come ready to fool a new batch of collectors.  So any book on the subject should be open to review, critical or otherwise.    Any full review, if I had the opportunity, would be my honest opinion and one based on experience, knowledge and research which is just as it should be, but I accept that other opinions may differ from mine.  

However I have not seen the  book so cannot review it,  but I have been told it repeats the myth of knives made by the likes of Bruce Hand and John Paisley.  However I would place a bet that there is probably not one single shred of new evidence to support their existence in the book.   If I am wrong I will buy the author a pint.

The finished book may in overall terms be very good but the author in pre-judging what any review may say has a very strange way of showing confidence in his own writings!    Though as they say in Yorkshire there’s nowt so queer as folk.


False values. 

Akin to the above on a recent Antique Roadshow one of their experts valued a Wilkinson double logo nickel finish 2nd Pattern at £5000!    The item was brought in by a man whose father was in SOE.   He had his fathers original ISRB (cover name for SOE) pass and his note book in which recorded the price he paid for it from Wilkinsons.    Because of the SOE link the  expert somehow managed to give it provenance to E.A.Sykes, when there was none, and thus gave it the ridiculous valuation.     If there was direct provenance to Sykes the valuation may have been more realistic but there wasn’t any.


Overheated market

Is the market for military knives over heated?   That may seem strange question from someone who is a collector and thus you would assume any rise in prices is to my advantage.   But I am as aware as many of the pitfalls of collecting when things suddenly go out of fashion or whose values are impacted on by other events such as changes to legislation.

One collector I know said to me when paying what I thought were high prices for some ordinary 3rd Pattern FS knives he did so because it was an investment.   That may be true to some extent but just look at what happened to antique bowie prices some years ago they crashed and only a few are now picking up to levels they achieved before.   The antique market is full of objects that have fallen out favour and thus prices dropped the classic example are brown furniture and silver some of the later now only achieving scrap value.   I cannot predict if and when this might happen to military knives, but as I said to the collector buy because you like the item, any financial gain is a bonus.


​​There has been discussion on some forums regarding the application of the Offensive Weapons Act 2019 to things like WW1 knuckle knives.   The 2019 Act does NOT overturn the 1988 Act antique defence and items that are over 100 years old can still be bought and sold.  We have this in writing from the Home Office.

​A number of people including some auction houses are saying you cannot send knives in the post - this is untrue and not what the law says.

What you must do is have a system in place to check the buyers age and a system that verifies this when item is delivered.  In this respect Royal Mail offer an age verification service.   Your parcel must also be marked to show it contains a bladed article.

On the Home Office website if you search Offensive Weapons there is a page:

 Guns, knives, swords and other offensive weapons: UK border control.   ​This page initially did not mention the fact of the 100 years rule, after I complained it has now been corrected.   I also have complained about the wording that implied all weapons were banned from import, which is not the case.  The Home Office have agreed to correct this.